Unlike baby blues that happen in the first weeks after the childbirth, postpartum depression is a serious condition that lasts for months. The symptoms are similar for both states – the mother feels sad, helpless, and worthless. Postpartum depression, however, does not pass on its own. In some cases, depression turns into postpartum psychosis, and the woman becomes dangerous to herself and others.
Postpartum depression is a clear sign that chemical interaction is severely disturbed and the brain does not process all the hormones it needs. The change in hormone level is to blame for a miserable state of the mother. It takes place in every healthy woman, though not each develops postpartum depression. The ones with a family history of mental diseases and with unstable mental health are at risk. Miscarriage or stillbirth increase the risk of depression.
There is no special way to diagnose postpartum depression. Doctors usually do a brief physical examination and rely mostly on emotional symptoms. In the result, many patients can do well with counseling. Some women get antidepressants yet while they breastfeed. Daily exercise and sufficient night sleep can also help.
As a mental illness, postpartum depression is backed by worries, fears, or traumatic events that happened during or after the pregnancy. Complicated delivery or having a sick baby can be the causes for worry. And there are much more things that trigger anxiety in pregnant women. Loss of job, lack of social interaction and family support as well as being a perfectionist type can bring much room for anxiety.